National Football Museum
Lily Parr is one of England’s greatest football players. During the First World War, she and other working-class women seized the chance to play football. Despite the Football Association Ban of 1921 she played on, scoring around 1,000 goals in a thirty-year career between 1919 and 1951. Lily Parr is a History Maker for her impact and her legacy on the game.
Lily Parr played for the most successful and famous women’s team of the time: Dick, Kerr Ladies. This Preston works team played their first game on Christmas Day 1917. By 1921 they had played 123 games, attracting over one and a quarter million spectators and raising large sums of money for charity. A clever and technically gifted player, Lily became one of the stars of the team.
Their success was not welcomed by everyone. In December 1921, the Football Association declared the game ‘unsuitable’ for women. It banned its clubs from hosting their games, making it very hard for women to play and attract large crowds. The ban was not fully lifted until 1971 and has had a long-term impact on the development of women’s football.
Lily and others continued to challenge stereotypes about women’s role in society, showing that they had the ability, and the right to play. In 1951, Lily was still playing, encouraging a new generation of players to take up the game.
Since her death in 1978, Lily Parr has been recognised as a pioneer of the women’s game and is an inspiration to many communities.
Did you know?
- Lily Parr made her football debut with the St Helen’s Ladies football team when she was just 14 years old.
- Lily worked at the Dick, Kerr & Co factory on Strand Road in Preston. The factory made munitions during the First World War, a job that was done by women whilst men where fighting. It was during breaks from their work in factories that many women’s football teams started to play.
- The Dick Kerr Ladies did not get paid for playing football, but they did raise lots of money for charity. Most women who played football also worked. After the war Lily trained as a nurse and worked at Whittingham hospital in Preston.
- Lily Parr lived with her partner, Mary, in Preston until her death in 1978. Since her death she has become an inspiration to the LGBTQ+ community.
- Lily Parr is believed to have scored between 900 and 1000 goals during her football career.